On January 30, 1972, a peaceful march of civil rights protestors proceeded down from Creggan through the Bogside section of Derry City in Northern Ireland. The march was protesting the denial of rights in housing, voting, and employment to the Catholic minority in the country. The marchers were also protesting the internment of Irish citizens without trial. A large British military presence and barricades prevented the march from going to Guildhall Square at the waterfront of the city. The marchers then moved to gather at Free Derry Corner in Bogside, the Catholic section of the city.
The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association organized the march as a peaceful (in the spirit of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.) solution to the deadly violence that had overtaken Derry in recent years between British soldiers and members of the IRA.
When most of the more than 15,000 marchers turned the corner toward Free Derry Corner, some of the younger marchers rushed the barricades that protected the route to the Guildhall. The soldiers fought them off with water cannons, tear gas, and rubber bullets. At one point, when someone suspected an IRA sniper was firing at soldiers, the British First Paratrooper Regiment was given orders to go into Bogside with live rounds of ammunition. The paratroopers pursued those running away from the barricades to the edge of Free Derry Corner where the main body of marchers were gathered. The British soldiers fired their weapons and many unarmed civilians were wounded. Of these, 14 died of their injuries. Over 100 rounds were fired. Many who were killed were either fleeing the army or assisting those who were wounded.
The Bloody Sunday memorial is an obelisk located in a park on Lecky Street near Free Derry Corner in Bogside with the names of those killed in the Bogside massacre on January 30, 1972. The names are:
Patrick Joseph Doherty
Hugh Pius Gilmore
Michael Gerald Kelly
John Pius Young
William Noel Nash
Michael M. McDaid
James Joseph Wray
William Anthony McKinney
John Johnson (died 4 months later of wounds suffered that day)